We own several Brahma chickens, and they make wonderful pets who lay lovely brown eggs (we also have one that lays lavender eggs!).
In this article, I’m going to tell you everything there is to know about this breed!
While Brahma chickens are known for growing into beasts the size of large turkeys, giving it the nickname “The Majestic One” by the American Brahma Club, and the equal honor of the name “king of all poultry” (due to its size and vigor). However, the average Brahma isn’t quite that large.
Table of Contents (Quickly Jump To Information)
Brahma Chicken History Facts
- Like most heritage breeds, the exact lineage is hard to find
- Developed in America with use of breeds from China and the port of Shanghai
- The name comes from the Brahmaputra River in India
- Queen Victoria in England had some Brahmas
How Big Is The Brahma Chicken?
While this breed can be as tall as 30 inches, the average Brahma chicken size isn’t much larger than other chickens – although they have the nickname “gentle giant” and are often compared to a Jersey Giant.
Even in our own flock, they vary in size, with one about 8 inches tall and another about 18 inches tall. Bantam Brahma breeds are even smaller – about 6 inches tall.
The Lifespan of Brahma Chickens
Providing a daily meal of 16% protein chicken feed, fresh water, a warm home, and veterinary care can extend their lives.
What Kind of Coop Does a Brahma Chicken Need?
Brahmas are not too much of a target for predators like hawks, for example. This is because of their large size. But coyotes and neighbor dogs may still be interested. Therefore, they need a good, solid coop to protect them – especially at night.
All chickens like roosting bars and won’t be happy without them. They also need nesting boxes in the chicken coop to lay eggs in.
If they are going to be kept in confinement, they need 6 square feet per bird so they don’t get too bored. They thrive on free ranging however.
Are Brahma Hens Broody?
Generally speaking, no. However, this will depend largely on the individual hen. Brahmas are more likely to exhibit broody behavior if another hen has decided she wants to hatch eggs, too.
Bea, one of our Brahma hens, decided to go broody in her second year and hatched a single chick. My other Brahma chicken is a great daily layer but isn’t broody at all.
If your Brahma goes broody, it’s best to let her hatch her eggs (as long as the embryos are developing – candle them to find out). If the eggs aren’t developing, then remove them from the nest before they explode. Yes, they can explode…or at the very least, rot and stink.
Brahma Chicken Egg Production
Are Brahma Chickens Good Egg Layers?
Yes! Brahma chicken eggs are a lovely brown color, and the hens lay consistently – up to about 300 eggs per year. The number of “butt nuggets” laid will depend on the individual, her diet, and the quality of her environment.
Do Brahma Chickens Lay Large Eggs?
Brahma chickens lay medium to large eggs. The yolks are also large and delicious. You can improve the color of the yolks by adding herbs such as calendula to their diet.
What Color Eggs Do Brahma Hens Lay?
This chicken breed lays brown eggs, although the shade can vary from layer to layer. The chicken’s diet, stress level, and the weather can affect the shade of her eggs as well.
When a hen is stressed, she might lay a lighter shade of brown, or the color might be dotted with white. If the hen’s diet is poor or the weather is very hot, you also might see different shades on the same egg.
How Many Eggs Does a Brahma Chicken Lay?
Approximately 300 per year, or 5-6 eggs each week. This number will vary based on her feed, her age, and the time of year. While Brahmas do very well in the cold, hens don’t typically lay during the shorter days of the year (unless supplementary light is provided), or when they’re very young or very old.
If the hen’s diet is poor, she won’t lay regularly, which will affect how many eggs she lays.
How Old Are Brahma Chickens When They Start Laying Eggs?
Typically Brahmas start laying eggs when they’re 6 or 7 months old. However, it can take up to 12 months for the hen to start laying, particularly if she’s a larger hen, or if she matures during the winter months.
Brahma Chicken Temperament?
Yes, Brahmas are very friendly, as long as you’ve raised them to enjoy the company of people (feed them lots of treats and they’ll be yours forever). They are pretty good around small children too, although the kids might be intimidated by a large bird!
They are quiet, docile, and calm birds who love to take treats from your hand and get cuddles. They get along great with other chickens, as well.
The roosters aren’t prone to attacking humans, although this will depend on the individual rooster and the time of year. Generally speaking you can even keep Brahma roosters together in the same flock without much ado.
What Do Brahma Chickens Look Like?
There are three color varieties of Brahmas recognized by the Standard of Perfection: Light, Dark, and Buff. Each type is unique and very beautiful.
According to the Livestock Conservancy:
Brahmas are large chickens with feathers on shanks and toes, pea comb, smooth fitting plumage with dense down in all sections, and broad, wide head with skull projecting over the eyes – termed “beetle brow.”Livestock Conservancy Website
The earliest Brahma chicken colors – the light and the dark variants – were first included in the first Standard of Perfection of the American Poultry Association in 1874, while the Buff Brahma variant was added in the 1920s.
Beyond color, they have a wide body plus a little something special – feathered legs and feet! The feathers on the feet are pretty adorable, but you do have to watch them closely, and clean them off, if they have to walk through thick mud or snow and ice.
Their hackles and saddle feathers will depend on which color variety you choose.
How to Care For Brahma Chickens
As baby chicks, you should provide your Brahmas a chick starter that’s 18% protein, as well as clean water as often as needed. You can mix organic apple cider vinegar or apple cider vinegar granules with the water to promote good gut flora. You can read more about how to raise day-old baby chicks here.
If your females are broody, be sure to keep a high protein feed and water close to them for easy access.
Brahma hens tend to be the favorite of roosters – keep a close watch on your hens to be sure they’re not hurt by roosters. If your hen has lost feathers due to roosters or if she’s molting, you can offer a high protein supplement to promote growth.
Brahma Health Issues
Brahmas aren’t more prone to health issues than any other hardy chickens. But there are always things you should watch for with any of your flock.
Lice, mites, and other pesky parasites are always looking for chickens. You can help keep these critters away with special herbs for their nesting boxes as well as bathing dust specifically formulated for this purpose. These types of coop helpers will provide peace of mind.
Another little creeper that can get them is the Scaly Leg Mite. This can be scary as their legs can actually bleed if the mites have time to create damage. The good news is that you can treat this with Save A Leg cream.
Overall, the Brahma chicken breed is an ideal breed for you if are considering raising larger-sized chickens. They’re very friendly and lay nice, large eggs.
Where To Buy Brahma Chickens
Find more information and prices here: Cackle Hatchery
Located in Missouri, Cackle Hatchery is one of the largest online chick retailers. Not only can you find more than 185 different kinds of chickens here, including broiler, egg-laying, and bantam species of all kinds, but Cackle also specializes in several rare breeds.
At Cackle, you can also find other species of poultry like geese, turkeys, ducks, game fowl, and more. You can also buy Brahma fertile hatching eggs if you want to raise your own birds from start to finish. There are also exhibition-line birds available for purchase, too.
Cackle just has a 3 bird minimum, which is nice.
- Bantam and exhibition birds available
- Pullets can be purchased instead of chicks
- Low average chick price
- 3 chick minimum
- Limited inventory of Brahma birds
Find more information and prices here: Meyer Hatchery
Meyer Hatchery is another large hatchery, this one located in Ohio. Along with a variety of chick breeds, you can also buy things like hatching eggs, books, coops, and pullets.
One of the benefits of ordering from Meyer Hatchery is that you are only required to order three birds (as long as you order at opportune times of the year). This is a good option for folks who are interested in raising a small flock of Brahma chickens and don’t want to deal with the hassle of minimum orders of ten or more birds.
If you live close to the hatchery, you can even pick up on-site!
- Only a 3-chick minimum
- Sells light, buff, and dark Brahma chicks
- Sells other kinds of Brahma-raising equipment too
- No substantial discounts for orders of more than 25 birds
Find more information and prices here: Purely Poultry
Purely Poultry is a family-owned business that specializes in Brahma chickens along with chickens of other breeds. You can also buy things like waterfowl, turkeys, peafowl, quail, and more, here, too.
If you’re buying baby Brahma chicks, you’ll be required to order at least three birds. However, if you’re willing to wait for adult birds, there are no shipping restrictions on how many you need to order. Located in Wisconsin, this company specializes in Brahma Bantams, Buff Brahmas, Dark Brahams, and Light Brahmas.
- All kinds of Brahmas available
- Minimum order of 3 birds
- Has a live arrival guarantee
- No apparent discount for purchasing in bulk
Find more information and prices here: Townline Hatchery
Townline Hatchery is one of the oldest hatcheries on this list, having been in business for more than a century. One of the greatest benefits of ordering with Townline Hatchery is that the company maintains its own breeder flocks. Everything is raised on-site so you can rest assured that your chicks are raised in the ideal conditions.
The employees here are some of the best, attending to each and every chick each day as they gather eggs, set up incubators, and care for the fresh hatches. Townline also has excellent customer service – you can tell that this hatchery has really worked out the kinks in its more than 100 years of operation. Located in Michigan, this hatchery is actually the oldest mail-order hatchery in the country!
You’ll have to buy chicks in minimum batches of fifteen, making it a less-than-ideal situation for people who want to raise Brahams in small urban settings. However, if you’re buying in bulk, Townline is the way to go, since this hatchery offers a discount when you order 100 chicks or more.
- Has a solid reputation
- Excellent customer service
- Significant discounts for ordering multiple chicks
- Has limited hatching availability around the year
Find more information and prices here: Murray McMurray Hatchery
Despite the funny, somewhat repetitive-sounding name, Murray McMurray is one of the best places to buy Brahma chicks in the United States. You’ll find all kinds of poultry – of all ages – here, but it’s best known for its baby chicks.
As one of the largest hatcheries in the country, it’s headquartered in Iowa. you can buy light, buff, or dark Brahma chicks along with pullets here. Unlike many other hatcheries, you’ll get a significant discount for purchasing sexed male chicks.
- Male chicks are cheaper here
- Pullets available
- Can mix and match breeds
- Minimum order of six chicks
Private breeders nationwide
You can find a complete list of breeders (that are affiliated with the American Brahma Club) here.
Maat van Uitert is a backyard chicken and sustainable living expert. She is also the author of Chickens: Naturally Raising A Sustainable Flock, which was a best seller in it’s Amazon category. Maat has been featured on NBC, CBS, AOL Finance, Community Chickens, the Huffington Post, Chickens magazine, Backyard Poultry, and Countryside Magazine. She lives on her farm in Southeast Missouri with her husband, two children, and about a million chickens and ducks. You can follow Maat on Facebook here and Instagram here.