Once I learned about growing fodder for chickens, I was hooked.

Fodder is one tool that should always be in your homesteading toolbox since growing fodder for chickens is so easy to do, and incredibly nutritious for your animals.

It can be grown regardless of season in a small space, and fights winter boredom for both the homesteader and our livestock. It’s revolutionized my feed program for every critter on the farm.

Once you start making it, you’ll wonder why you didn’t start sooner. Best part? Your critters will love it.

My chickens go nuts for it. You can also feed it to rabbits, horses, goats, etc.

Close up of wheat sprouting
My fodder system: stacked food-grade plastic bins.

What is fodder?

Sprouted grain. Really, growing fodder for chickens is as simple as that.

We use wheat, some people use barley. Or mung beans, sunflowers, lentils, buckwheat, soybeans, clover, radish, rye, and more.

We use wheat right now because barley is hard to find, but we will start growing barley in our fields if we can get a hold of some locally.

You can also use oats and millet. I’ve found oats don’t do quite as well as wheat and barley, and with oats, you run into problems with mold since it takes so long to sprout.

Amaranth is another option for growing fodder for chickens, although I’ve never personally used it.

Wheat seeds that have just started to sprout.

How to grow fodder?

Growing wheat fodder is a simple and efficient process. Here are some easy steps to follow:

  1. Selection of Wheat Seeds: Begin by choosing high-quality, organic wheat seeds. Ensure they are free from pesticides and are suitable for sprouting.
  2. Soaking the Seeds: Soak the wheat seeds in water for about 8-12 hours. This process initiates germination and is crucial for successful sprouting.
  3. Draining and Rinsing: After soaking, drain the water and rinse the seeds thoroughly. It’s important to remove any excess water to prevent mold growth.
  4. Spreading Seeds in Trays: Spread the soaked seeds evenly in a tray. Make sure the layer is not too thick, as this could hinder growth and air circulation.
  5. Watering and Covering: Water the seeds lightly and cover the tray. This creates a dark, moist environment ideal for sprouting. Water the seeds at least twice a day to keep them moist.
  6. Germination and Growth: Place the trays in an area with room temperature and indirect light. Within a few days, you will notice sprouts emerging.
  7. Harvesting: The wheat fodder will be ready to harvest in about 7-10 days. By this time, it should have a lush green top and a thick mat of roots.
  8. Feeding or Storing: You can feed the fresh wheat fodder to animals or store it in a refrigerator for a short period. Make sure to harvest before the grass becomes too fibrous.

Remember, consistency in watering and maintaining a clean environment are key to growing healthy wheat fodder.

Fodder tips

Growing fodder for chickens is super simple, and there are a couple options. I grow mine into grass about 4-6″ high because I’ve found it’s at its best protein-wise.

Other people just sprout the grain then feed it. I used to mist it 2-3 times a day, which is a great option, but now I use stacked food storage bins.

I prefer stacking them (that’s another idea that revolutionized my feed program) because I can water them less and grow more in a smaller space.

Wheat can sprout in colder temperatures (I’ve had it sprout outside when the temps were in the low 40s), but it grows better when it’s 50 – 70 degrees.

Close up of wheat that is just beginning to sprout
Wheat seeds that have rooted, but not grown into grass yet.

Why is it so nutritious?

Everything the plant embryo needs to sprout is locked inside that seed; in other words, a ton of nutrients necessary for production and growth already exist, ready to help the seed grow into a plant, and ultimately to propagate the species.

When the seed sprouts, all that nutritional goodness becomes bioavailable to your livestock (and you) in the form of a plant.

It’s easier for your animals to digest, which means they absorb more nutrients.

In addition, when the seed becomes a plant, the amount of feed increases up to 600%, which means less grain is needed to provide nutrition for the animal.

Pretty cool, huh?

photo (2)
Fodder that’s grown to the grass stage.

Where to buy grains

You don’t want to buy grain that’s used to grow wheat for flour. It’s usually treated, and not something you want your critters eating.

I don’t recommend sprouting oats unless you grow them in the ground because when I tested them, they didn’t sprout as reliably as wheat and barley, but oats are non-GMO, so if you’re certain you want your livestock GMO-free, and if you’re having a hard time finding wheat or barley, oats are a good option and available everywhere.

Organic grains are the best, by far.

What if I don’t have time to grow fodder?

It is a super easy process that doesn’t take much time. However, there are seasons in life that make growing anything seem impossible. I get it. If you can’t grow fodder now, it’s ok. There are products out there that can provide extra prtoein and nutrients to your flock just the same. We’ve got your back! Here are some of our favorites:


Super simple. Super fast. Super nutritious! Know that you know – you know (so now go and do it!). I hope this guide about growing fodder for chickens has been helpful and makes you feel like you could grow fodder all day long!


Maat van Uitert is a backyard chicken and sustainable living expert. She is also the author of Chickens: Naturally Raising A Sustainable Flock, which was a best seller in it’s Amazon category.  Maat has been featured on NBC, CBS, AOL Finance, Community Chickens, the Huffington Post, Chickens magazine, Backyard Poultry, and Countryside Magazine. She lives on her farm in Southeast Missouri with her husband, two children, and about a million chickens and ducks. You can follow Maat on Facebook here and Instagram here.

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  1. We don’t do this but we’re going to start with our chickens. They used to free range, then we got puppies and well,the chickens just aren’t safe so we’ve had to confine them to a run (20’X100′) and they’ve eaten every blade of green. Thanks so much for sharing with us at Simple Lives Thursday; hope to see you again this week.

  2. I really want to get a fodder system set up. We do sprout grains for our animals already. Thanks for sharing at the Homestead Blog Hop. Hope to see you again this week! 🙂

  3. This is something I want to try also. Is this a everyday feed to your girls? Or like a treat?

    1. Hi Ariana, For the wheat fodder, about 10 days. Wheat takes longer than barley, in my experience.

    1. Hi, what exactly are you looking for? Everything you need is right in the article.

    1. Hi Kellie – You can introduce it whenever they’re large enough to swallow the seeds (around 12 weeks or so), especially if they’re outside and/or free ranging. Free ranging chickens eat whatever looks good, so if they’re full from wheat fodder, so much the better. I’ve fed the grass (not the seeds) to week old chicks as a treat, and they love it. In that case, offering it with a chick grit is best, and the bulk of their diet should still be starter. Hope this helps!

  4. What size containers are pictured? Do you puncture holes in the bottom and the lid of the container under it? Is that enough for adequate air flow? I cannot tell from the pictures exactly how your stacked containers work.

    1. The containers pictured are quite small, they’re probably 2 gallon containers. I puncture the bottom of the container, but not the lid. You can do that, however, and with some of our larger containers we do that. As for airflow, you have to see how it does. Those photos were taken in winter, when it’s a lot less humid than it is here in the summer. Hope this helps.

      1. Inspired by your information and photo, I got six 2.25 qt rectangle containers setup and sprouting! I did drill holes in both the bottoms and the lids, with the exception of the very bottom container so that it can serve as the soaking dish that all of the containers on top will drain into. I also drilled one hole near the top of each of the fours sides on all the containers to improve the air flow because they were not draining down as well as I wanted without the side holes. Thanks for motivating me to implement this. Hopefully my little flock will enjoy the end product!

        1. You’re welcome, and I’m glad you got started with it! Your set up sounds great. Keep me posted on how it’s going for you!

  5. no soil to grow the hard winter wheat berries? And, once it sprouts do you have to take the lid off in order for it to green up?

  6. is it okay to feed the split peas dried or should they be soaked before feeding them to the chickens? My little flock absolutely loves the sprouted wheat grass! Thanks for the tips!! s

  7. Hi I started growing fodder but I cant seem to get my chicks to eat it. Do you have any suggestions?
    I’m growing wheat and barley if that’s any help

  8. How much does it cost usually for grains to grow fodder with? Has anyone allowed there fodder to go to seed so that they can produce their own seed? How much space and time would that entail?

    1. It costs me about $7 for feed wheat. It would be hard to let it go to seed because there’s not enough nutrients available. It takes several months for wheat to go to seed.

  9. Soooooo, is this all they eat or do you have to feed them other food? This is my first time for chickens and I am extremely nervous.

      1. Would chickens get enough of what they need if I only fed them wheat fodder and oyster shells?

        1. If you’re worried, you can always give them a multivitamin! We’ve fed only wheat in the past and they’ve been ok, but I feed a good layer feed now.

  10. What about calcium for layers? Do you use a supplement for that? I was going to let them “forage” on oyster shells. Rather, make it always available.

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