Egg Float Test: Is That “Fresh” Egg is Good Or Bad?

Not sure if that “fresh” egg is good or bad? Try the egg float test!


Why do you need to know about the egg float test? Chickens are masters at hiding their eggs if they want.


Every so often, I come across a nest of “fresh” eggs on the homestead – and I have no idea how long they’ve been there, and if they’re good or bad.


Chickens like to hide their eggs in dark, tight places.




It’s an evolutionary thing – eggs that are hidden are less likely to be snagged by a predator.


At the same time, if a chicken wants to hatch eggs, which requires sitting for long periods of time, a dark place is best – she’s more likely to be left alone.


But let’s say you come across a nest, and aren’t sure how old the eggs are, and whether you should just toss them.


Want to know how to tell if eggs are good? That’s where the egg float test comes in!


If you’ve never tried the egg float test, it’s a great and visually easy way to tell if eggs are fresh.


Also, if you have store-bought eggs in your fridge that are expired, it’s worth trying the egg float test to determine if they’re okay to use.


Try the egg float test to see if your eggs are good or bad. Come across a nest of eggs and don't know if they're good or bad? Test them! From FrugalChicken


So, how do you perform the egg float test?


The egg float test is easy.


First, grab a cup of cool (not ice cold and definitely not hot) water.


If you want to try the egg float test using a mason jar, make it easy on yourself, and use a wide-mouthed jar so you can get the egg out easier.


A cup of water works well, too.


To complete the egg float test, just gently insert your egg into the water.


According to the egg float test, if your eggs rise to the top of the water, they’re too old to use.


But if they sink, they’re fresh and still good to eat.
Of course with anything there’s a catch.


What does the egg float test mean if your egg sort of floats, but sort of sinks?


If your egg suspends on one end, it’s technically still okay to eat, but you need to use it soon. 


Personally, I usually toss these eggs to my pigs, since there’s typically fresher eggs available.


I know the pigs appreciate them.


And remember…


Once you’ve put the egg in water, you’ve stripped off the bloom, which means air can get into the egg quicker. (Learn more about cleaning eggs here).


So, if the eggs sink, you’ll probably want to use them sooner rather than later. (Learn more about how long eggs stay fresh).


So, what’s the science behind the egg float test?


Good question.


Egg shells, as you might know, are porous, meaning they let air into them. (Learn more about the anatomy of an egg here).




The fresher an egg is, the less air it has inside of it, so it sinks.


Old eggs, however, have more air in them because oxygen has had time to permeate the shell. So, they float.


Because of all this, the egg float test is considered an accurate way to test your whether those eggs you found are okay to eat, or if you should just toss them.


Other “Freshness” Tests: How to Tell if Eggs are Good


There are a couple other ways besides the egg float test to tell if the eggs you found are fresh.


One option is to candle the eggs, just as you would if you were to hatch them.


In this test, you’re looking to see how intact the yolk is (the more intact the more likely it’s fresh).


And, similar to the egg float test, you’re looking to see how much air is inside the egg (the more air space, the older the egg is).


Another test is to hold the egg up to your ear.
If you hear a lot of movement, the egg is said to be old, but if you don’t hear anything, then the egg is fresh.


Personally, I prefer the egg float test, and I have more experience with it.


Now that you’ve determined your eggs are fresh using the egg float test, how about some egg recipes to help you use them up?


I’d like to hear from you!


Do you think you’ll try the egg float test? Email me at [email protected] or comment below!

More Chicken Egg Articles:

Chickens: Naturally Raising A Sustainable Flock is my best selling book about raising healthy hens! You’ll learn how to handle sticky first aid situations, raise baby chicks with the week-by-week checklist, how to give the best care even in the worst weather, and more!

Click here to learn more.

What The Veterinary Feed Directive Means & How I’m Preparing [Video]

There’s been a lot of buzz (and wrong information) about the FDA’s new Veterinary Feed Directive, so I wanted to address it here.


If you don’t know what I’m talking about, the US Food & Drug Administration released a Final Rule (regulations that will be codified into law) that removed certain antibiotics from the market, namely, antibiotics that livestock yards and industrial chicken farms put in feed and water.


(Full disclosure: I worked for the Food & Drug Administration for about 10 years prior to starting this blog)


There’s been a lot of twitter on the internet that over-the-counter injectable antibiotics will be removed from the market, and advice out there to stock up before it’s gone.


A lot of backyard chicken owners and livestock owners are worried about whether they will have access to antibiotics after the rule takes effect in January. 


After reading the Final Rule and the guidances FDA issued, I formed a different opinion about how the Veterinary Feed Directive effects backyard chicken keepers and farmers.


Here’s my thoughts (and how I’m preparing):


I’d like to hear from you!

What do you think of this new law? Leave a comment below!

How to Help A Wounded Chicken [Video Tutorial]

Well, today was one of those days, and in this video I show you how to help a wounded chicken.


One of our neighbor’s dogs got loose and got one of our roosters. The chicken is doing well, but definitely needed some help.


He lost a LOT of feathers (no tail feathers left!) and had some bite wounds on his back.

In this video, I show you:


  • How to help a wounded chicken (demonstration on a real, live chicken)
  • My favorite recipe including oregano essential oil and coconut oil
  • Why a chicken saddle isn’t the best idea when a rooster looses his feathers
  • How to know when to isolate a wounded chicken


(A lot of you ask which oils I personally use. Here’s everything you need to know!)

A Cluckin’ Good Time: Episode 1 [Live Stream]

A Cluckin’ Good Time is a Facebook Live Stream Show that I’ve developed along with my friend, Mindy Young of Farm Fit Living.


We talk about homesteading, kitchen hacks, chickens, goats, livestock, and pretty much anything that we think of. Lots of audience participation!


A Cluckin’ Good Time airs Sunday nights at 7pm EST/6pm Central. You can view the show anytime – we leave it up on the FrugalChicken Facebook page for you to enjoy!


In this week’s episode, we discuss:

      • Our Thanksgiving plans (including Mindy’s recipe for simplifying pumpkin puree so it makes holiday pie making a snap)
      • Why it’s important to learn from every livestock experience
      • Our personal opinions on free ranging (and whether we free range our flocks)
      • Our funny holiday corn stories (with stories shared by our audience!)
      • My simple 2 step recipe for a homemade household cleaner using lemon and wild orange essential oils

Links we discuss:

Where to get my top essential oils for the homestead

Mindy’s new children’s book Sam The Beagle you can get for free on Amazon

I’d like to hear from you!

What was your favorite part of this episode of A Cluckin’ Good Time? Leave a comment below!

Make Goat Milk Soap Without Lye In Your Own Home! [Video Tutorial]

You can’t make goat milk soap (or any soap) without lye, but I’ve shied away from it for the most part.

While handling lye isn’t that dangerous (precautions are necessary but many people use it with goat milk without problems), I know a lot of you aren’t comfortable handling it.


But the benefits of goat milk soap can’t be swept under the rug, and it’s the only soap we use on our homestead.


That’s why I’m a fan of melt and pour soap base, which lets you make your own custom goat milk soap without handling lye. 


In this article, we’ll cover how to make your own luxurious, custom goat milk soap without using lye.


This is a very simple step-by-step process that anyone can master. If you don’t want to watch the video above, here’s the process I use to make custom goat milk soap without lye right on our homestead.

goat milk soap made without lye



Melt & Pour Soap Base

Essential Oils

Anything else you want to add (flowers, oatmeal, almonds, you name it)


Choose a goat milk soap base


For this recipe, I used Stephenson Melt & Pour Goat Milk soap base, but you can use any you want. 


Remember: You can’t make soap from scratch without lye, so your soap base will contain lye, but all the hard work is done for you.


It’s been cured, and the lye is neutralized, making it completely safe to handle.




Once you’ve decided which soap base to use…


Cut the goat milk soap into small pieces


You want to make the pieces as small as possible. I cut them into 1″ or 1/2″ cubes.


The smaller the cubes, the faster it will melt.


Set up a double boiler, and add your goat milk soap to the top boiler.


If you’ve never used a double boiler, simply grab two pots, one smaller than the other.


Fill the larger pot halfway with water, and rest the smaller pot in it.
Put the pieces of goat milk soap base in the top (smaller) pot.


Wait for the goat milk soap to completely melt in the double boiler


Be sure to watch the top pot; as the water in the bottom pot begins to boil, the goat milk soap will melt.


Make sure the soap doesn’t boil or scorch (I’ve never had this happen), and stir occasionally so it doesn’t form a film on top as it melts.


It will start to look like goat milk as it melts – it’s quite impressive.


In the meantime…


Set up your molds


You can use any mold you want, but I highly recommend using silicone molds.


They’re easy to flip over and pop the soap out of. 


They’re also heat safe, so you don’t have to worry about your mold melting on you.


Here’s the one I use:

And these two look super cute:


If you want, you can grease the sides of the molds with some oil to make removing your goat milk soap easier, but in my experience, it isn’t really necessary.


After the goat milk soap base melts…


Immediately pour the melted soap base into the mold


As soon as you remove the goat milk soap base from the heat, it will start to cool.


Use a funnel to quickly transfer it to the mold.


The funnel will help keep everything tidy (although accidents will happen as you see in the video!)


I just use a plastic funnel for easy clean up.


Immediately add your essential oils and other additives


At this point, you’re customizing it and creating your own goat milk soap in your own kitchen.


You can add anything, any fragrance (or no fragrance!) or additives you want. 


In the video, we add honeysuckle essential oil and oatmeal. You can add flowers, nuts, toys for kids, your imagination is the limit.


After adding your whatever you want, stir to ensure they’re mixed in. 


Don’t worry if they’re unevenly distributed throughout, it’s part of the charm of making your own handcrafted goat milk soap.


Now, leave it alone for 24 hours


Allow your newly minted, custom goat milk soap (made without lye!) to sit for 24 hours. 


Using a base is a little different than using lye because with lye, you have to let it sit for quite a while to let it neutralize.


When making soap without lye, you can use it almost immediately, since the lye neutralized long before the goat milk soap base hit your doorstep.


Once your goat milk soap is hard…


Remove it from the mold


You can just turn the mold upside down, and pop it out.


Pretty simple isn’t it?


If it’s necessary, you can now cut your goat milk soap into bars. 


The goat milk soap we produce without lye on our homestead are 4 ounces each, but you can make yours whatever size you want.



I’d love to hear from you!

Now that you know how to make goat milk soap without using lye, which scents will you use? Email me at [email protected], or comment below!

(Photo credit: katiew / / CC BY-NC-ND)